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The FMCSA ELD Mandate

VDO RoadLog™ and the FMCSA ELD Mandate

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) mandate will take effect on December 18, 2017.

At that time, all drivers and fleets who are covered by the regulation will need to have on board a device that conforms to the FMCSA technical specifications for Electronic Logging Devices.

Industry experts and regulators agree, drivers and fleets should not wait until the deadline to get started with ELDs. Learning how to use the technology and integrating it into your operations will take some time.

Drivers and fleets must decide on which ELD manufacturer to choose, and they should ask critical questions: How long have they been in business? Does the vendor have experience with Electronic Logging Devices? Have they built commercial vehicle electronics systems that must meet governmental regulations?

VDO RoadLog is manufactured and backed by Continental, a world leader in Electronic Logging Device technology, with over five million devices in use worldwide. For over 40 years, we have provided original equipment and aftermarket ELD products to manufacturers, drivers, fleets and owner operators around the globe.

FMCSA ELD Mandate requirements

FMCSA ELD Mandate in effect.The complete rules for USA ELD compliance can be seen here: https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/hours-service/elds/electronic-logging-devices

Highlights of the rule requirements include:

  • Driver name and ELD username.
  • Carrier name and address.
  • Total engine hours and total miles for each driving period.
  • ELD malfunction status and data diagnostic status.
  • Grid graph, total hours, and locations.

To meet the ELD requirements, the device must capture all movement of a commercial motor vehicle, and must not allow any deletion of drive time, and the device / system must be tamperproof. Additional requirements for ELDs include:

  • Must not allow the original record to be changed.
  • Edits/annotations must identify who made them.
  • Data must be encrypted to ensure security.
  • All persons accessing the system must have accounts to identify them.
  • Requires every Driver have an account – including mechanics and others.
  • All unassigned driving time must be assigned or accounted for.
  • Must show engine start up and stop times.
  • Must record location at every change of duty status or at least once per hour while driving.
  • Must show the start and end of Personal Conveyance and Yard time.
  • Data elements must include these items (and other):
    • Date and time
    • Location – (exception for personal conveyance)
    • Engine hours
    • Driver login
    • VIN
  • Device must change to drive duty status when motion is detected.
  • If the vehicle is stopped for 5 minutes must warn the driver – if no response from the driver the device must change to On-duty not driving.
  • All other automatic duty statuses are prohibited.

ELDs will not capture all the Driver’s time. Supporting documents will still be needed to validate all on-duty non-driving time.

Under the FMCSA Final Rule, ELDs will be mandated for all drivers required to complete paper logs, with three exceptions:

  • Timecard or “short haul” drivers who do not use paper logs for more than 8 days during any 30 day period.
  • Drivers who conduct driveway and tow-away operations, where the vehicle being driven is the commodity being delivered.
  • Drivers of vehicles manufactured before model year 2000.

Under the the FMCSA ELD mandate, existing AOBRDs (Automatic On-Board Recording Devices) are grandfathered in for two years after the Final Rule takes effect. All in-vehicle systems must be compliant with the Final Rule by December 16, 2019.

CCMTA / Transport Canada ELD Mandate requirements

VDO RoadLog  meets the current requirements of the Federal Hours of Service Regulations SOR/2005-313 in Canada.

We have been working with CCMTA and Transport Canada by providing feedback on the draft technical standard for ELDs in Canada. We anticipate that the final ELD technical standard for Canada will be published this year and that this technical standard will be mandated in 2019 in Canada.

VDO RoadLog will be compliant with Canadian ELD requirements with a free software update.

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